Domestic Violence: A Violation of Islam

Posted by GuestBloggers
9/30/2010 9:25 PM  RssIcon

Editor's Note: This is actually an introduction to an excellent publication by Women’s Islamic Initiative in Spirituality and Equality (WISE) Shura Council. We encourage all our readers to follow the link provided in this post and read the entire publictaion. Afterward, please post your comments here for further discussion.

The
WISE Shura Council is a global and inclusive council of Muslim women scholars, activists, and specialists. The Council endeavors to connect Islamic principles to society’s most pressing issues and develop holistic strategies for creating positive social change. In the following statement, the Shura Council condemns domestic violence as an absolute violation of the teachings of Islam.

Introduction

Domestic violence, also known as “intimate partner violence,” is a form of violent or oppressive domination over a family member or partner. It occurs in families and relationships around the world and across culture, religion, race, and geography. Domestic violence manifests in various forms, most commonly as physical violence, but also as emotional abuse and financial control. Many of those who suffer from domestic violence fear for the safety of their lives and are thus reluctant to come forward. Although domestic violence victimizes both men and women, the majority of the victims are women.

As a worldwide phenomenon, domestic violence remains an ever-present reality in the lives of millions of Muslims. Throughout the world, violence destroys the ability of Muslim women to thrive within their families, communities, and nations. Moreover, perpetrators of domestic violence often try to justify their acts in the name of Islam.

Domestic violence has been condemned by national and international laws worldwide and is a clear violation of the teaching of Islam, as represented in the Holy Qur’an and the example and sayings (Sunnah) of the Prophet Muhammad, and guiding principles of Islamic law (maqasid al-Shari’ah). The members of the Women’s Islamic Initiative in Spirituality and Equality (WISE) and its Muslim Women’s Shura Council, recognize justice, fairness, and equality as the core values of Islam, and reject domestic violence in all its forms, everywhere.

Refuting Domestic Violence

While domestic violence results from a diverse set of factors, it is important for Muslims to reclaim the discourses of non-violence and peace from within the Islamic traditions. This is particularly important as some Muslims try to excuse domestic violence on the basis of Surah 4, verse 34 of the Qur’an. Likewise, some non-Muslims point to 4:34 to condemn Islam as sexist and violent towards women. Both of these groups assume that this verse specifically gives husbands the right to beat, or at least physically chastise, their wives.
In most English translations, the second half of this verse is translated as follows:

As to those women on whose part you fear disloyalty [nushuz], first admonish them, then abandon their sleeping places, then beat them [lightly] [udribuhuna].

While at first glance the meaning of this verse may seem apparent, in order to properly apply it, several factors must be taken into account. Together, these provide a compelling refutation of the view that domestic violence is sanctioned by Islam:

A. A linguistic analysis of the word daraba;
B. Confusion over the meaning of nushuz;
C. Intertextual analysis of the Qur’an;
D. The general message of the Qur’an;
E. The Prophet’s example;
F. The Maqasid al-Shari’ah; and
G. Historical context and the Qur’an’s pattern of gradually eliminating certain practices.

Jurists of the pre-modern tradition largely understood daraba in 4:34 to mean “beat.” Although their methodology was sound, it was informed by the context of their patriarchal societies. The Shura Council considers the following explanation to be more relevant, constructive, and just for contemporary Muslim families and societies. This conscious departure is similarly backed by sound methodology, especially as jurists have always been comfortable developing different meanings of words or interpretations of verses in light of new evidence and changing circumstances.  Read More
Read More


Your name:
Gravatar Preview
Your email:
(Optional) Email used only to show Gravatar.
Your website:
Title:
Comment:
Add Comment   Cancel 

Contributors

 

Topics

 

Blog List

In The Beginning
Emotional Literacy -- The Key to Preventing Domestic Violence
Feeling Like an Expert?
Forebearance and the Family
The Heartsick Judge
Letter to a Stranger
Aftershock
Cope
Over
Handcuffed
True Love in Marriage – A Mirage, Why?
Wholeness of Love - The Tranquil Home
Greatness of Women
Stand with Purple
Indian Documentary Film Maker Tackles Child Abuse
Cultural Differences and Child Abuse
Adoption in Islam: Not in my house
The Plight of Abused Muslim Parents
Team Up with Ramadan
Revive the Spirit: Do 4 Things for Aasiya
The Origin of The International Purple Hijab Day
E-Wali--A Good Idea
One Easy Thing to Do to Help Keep Kids Safe
Five Tips on Finances / Your Financial Safety Plan
The Issue of Child Abuse: What We Should Do
It's all about Saving Muslim Lives at Home!
Stop Domestic Violence: Wake Up, Speak Up, Team Up
Please Help Me: The Child Abuse Epidemic
On Shaima Alawadi, family violence, and hate crimes
Hurting Homes
Honor is Gender Neutral
My Khutbah Against Domestic Violence
Abuse of Women is Sadly Endemic
Do we have a Will to End Domestic Violence?
Domestic Violence, Islam and Muslim Women
Domestic Violence: A Violation of Islam
Honor and Terror
Muslims Working Against Domestic Violence
Muslim women wage jihad against violence
Imam Zaid Shakir: The Problem of Domestic Abuse
The Wife-Beating issue and its impact on our community
ALLAH Prohibits Domestic Violence
Does the Quran Tolerate Domestic Abuse?
Inviting Muslims to Respond to Domestic Violence
VOICE TO ACTION: Muslims Against Domestic Violence
SISTERS Annual Tea Honors Muslimat Al Nisaa Shelter
Did We ever Bother to know Muzzammil?
Downtown Chicago Event
He Stood Right Here

 

Tags

Muslim Community (19)
Hadith (15)
Muslim Domestic Violence (15)
Quran (15)
Muslim Abusive Marriage (14)
Muslim Abusive Relationships (14)
Muslim Battered Women (14)
Daraba (13)
Muslim domestic abuse (13)
Muslim women rights (13)
Nushuz (13)
Prophet Mohammad (13)
Muslim wife beating (10)
Muslim Help (9)
Muslim Support (9)
Aasiya Zubair (7)
Domestic Violence (6)
Child abuse (4)
Abuse (3)
Muslim Child Abuse (3)
Muslim Family Violence (3)
Muzzamil Hassan (3)
parenting (3)
Activism (2)
Adultery (2)
Bridges TV (2)
Dar al Islam (2)
domestic abuse (2)
Family Violence (2)
Islam (2)
Muslim abuse (2)
Muslim dating (2)
Muslim Honor Killing (2)
Muslim Relationships (2)
Muzzammil Hassan (2)
Ramadan (2)
Unhealthy Relationships (2)
Abdifatah Mohamud (1)
Abused Elderly Parents (1)
Abusive Children (1)
American Muslim community (1)
Awareness (1)
case (1)
Child Safety (1)
council (1)
Counseling (1)
Eid (1)
Emotional Literacy (1)
Enith Morillo (1)
e-wali (1)
Family (1)
Father (1)
finances (1)
financial safety plan (1)
Friday Sermon (1)
gang rape (1)
Happy Homes (1)
Healthy Relationships (1)
Iftaar (1)
Jahliyah (1)
Jihad (1)
Kashif Pervaiz (1)
Khalil Wimes (1)
Kidnapping (1)
Love (1)
marriage (1)
matrimonial (1)
media (1)
Mentor (1)
Mukhtar Mai (1)
Muslim American Community (1)
Muslim Child Molestation (1)
Muslim Children Rights (1)
Muslim Families (1)
Muslim Marriage (1)
Muslim Parenting (1)
Muslim Parents (1)
Muslims (1)
Nazir Ahmed (1)
Nazish Noorani (1)
Pakistan (1)
Patience (1)
Punjab (1)
retaliation (1)
Role Model (1)
Strong Families (1)
Supreme Court (1)
Taraweeh (1)
Tranquility (1)
Trust (1)
wali (1)
Women (1)

Contact

Project Sakinah
Dar al Islam
P.O. Box 180
Abiquiu, NM  87510

505.484.8253